2 the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior); "a woman of breeding and refinement" [syn: education, breeding]
- Rhymes: -eɪnɪŋ
- present participle of train
- action of the verb to train.
- the activity of imparting and acquiring skills.
- the result of good social upbringing.
- the process by which two modems determine which protocol and speed to use; handshaking.
- (voice recognition) the recording of multiple samples of a user's voice to aid pattern recognition.
- Chinese: 訓練, 训练 (xùnliàn)
- Dutch: training
- Finnish: valmennus, koulutus
- French: entraînement
- German: Ausbildung
- Hebrew: אימון (immún), תרגול (tirgúl)
- Hungarian: oktatás, edzés, tréning, tréningezés
- Italian: addestramento
- Japanese: 訓練 (くんれん, kunren)
- Korean: 훈련 (hullyeon)
- Portuguese: treinamento (pt-BR), treino (pt-PT)
- Russian: тренировка (treniróvka)
- Spanish: capacitación
- Swedish: träning
Types of training
Physical training concentrates on mechanistic goals: training-programs in this area develop specific skills or muscles, often with a view to peaking at a particular time. Fartlek training offers flexible techniques which trainers can adapt to suit almost any athlete.
In military use, training means gaining the physical ability to perform and survive in combat, and learning the many skills needed in a time of war. These include how to use a variety of weapons, outdoor survival skills, and how to survive capture by the enemy, among others. See military education and training.
For psychological or physiological reasons, people who believe it may be beneficial to them can choose to practice relaxation training, or autogenic training, in an attempt to increase their ability to relax or deal with stress. While some studies have indicated relaxation training is useful for some medical conditions, autogenic training has limited results or has been the result of few studies.
Religion and spirituality
In religious and spiritual use, training may mean purifying mind, heart, understanding and actions to obtain a variety of spiritual goals such as closeness to God or freedom from suffering. Note for example the institutionalized spiritual training of Buddhism, the Threefold Training, or discipleship in Christianity.
Researchers have developed training-methods for artificial-intelligence devices as well. Evolutionary algorithms, including genetic programming and other methods of machine learning, use a system of feedback based on "fitness functions" to allow computer programs to determine how well an entity performs a task. The methods construct a series of programs, known as a “population” of programs, and then automatically test them for "fitness", observing how well they perform the intended task. The system automatically generates new programs based on members of the population that perform the best. These new members replace programs that perform the worst. The procedure repeats until the achievement of optimum performance. In robotics, such a system can continue to run in real-time after initial training, allowing robots to adapt to new situations and to changes in themselves, for example, due to wear or damage. Researchers have also developed robots that can appear to mimic simple human behavior as a starting point for training.
- There are several methods which are possible but only one thing countswhat the trainee learns. (Benjamin Rankin)
training in German: Training
training in Spanish: Entrenamiento
training in Esperanto: Trejnado
training in French: Formation
training in Indonesian: Pelatihan
training in Hebrew: אימון
training in Lithuanian: Treniravimas
training in Dutch: Trainen
training in Japanese: 訓練
training in Norwegian: Trening
training in Norwegian Nynorsk: Trening
training in Polish: Trening
training in Portuguese: Estágio (treinamento profissional)
training in Simple English: Training
training in Slovak: Cvičenie
training in Serbian: Обука
acclimation, acclimatization, accommodation, accustoming, adaption, adjustment, apprenticeship, arrangement, basic training, breaking, breaking-in, breeding, briefing, case hardening, clearing the decks, conditioning, cultivation, development, discipline, domestication, drill, drilling, equipment, exercise, familiarization, fetching-up, fixing, fostering, foundation, grooming, groundwork, habituation, hardening, housebreaking, improvement, in-service training, instruction, inurement, makeready, making ready, manual training, manufacture, military training, mobilization, naturalization, nurture, nurturing, on-the-job training, orientation, planning, practice, prearrangement, preliminaries, preliminary, preliminary act, preliminary step, prep, preparation, preparatory study, preparing, prepping, prerequisite, pretreatment, processing, propaedeutic, provision, raising, readying, rearing, rehearsal, schooling, seasoning, sloyd, spadework, taming, teaching, treatment, trial, tryout, tuition, tutelage, upbringing, vocational education, vocational training, warm-up